Significance and Use
These test methods include most of the test methods that are considered important to characterize nonrigid vinyl chloride polymer tubing. While they were developed initially for this type of extruded tubing, their use is not limited to this type of tubing.
Variations in these test methods or alternate contemporary methods may be used to determine the values for the properties in this standard provided such methods ensure quality levels and measurement accuracy equal to or better than those prescribed herein. It is the responsibility of the organizations using alternate test methods to be able to demonstrate this condition. In cases of dispute, the test methods specified herein shall be used.
Note 2 — Provision for alternate methods is necessary because of (1) the desire to simplify procedures for specific applications without altering the result, and (2) the desire to eliminate redundant testing and use data generated during manufacturing process control, including that generated under Statistical Process Control (SPC) conditions, using equipment and methods other than those specified herein. An example would be the use of laser micrometers or optical comparators to measure dimensions.
1.1 These test methods cover the testing of general-purpose (Grade A), low-temperature (Grade B), and high-temperature (Grade C) nonrigid vinyl chloride polymer tubing, or its copolymers with other materials, for use as electrical insulation. For the purpose of these test methods nonrigid tubing shall be tubing having an initial elongation in excess of 100 % at break.
Note 1 — These test methods are similar but not identical to those in IEC 60684–2.
1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard, except for temperature, which shall be expressed in degrees Celsius. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.3 The procedures appear in the following sections:
|Procedure||Section||ASTM Reference Standard|
|Dielectric Breakdown Voltage at High Humidity||65-73||E104|
|Dielectric Breakdown Voltage||58-64||D149|
|Effect of Elevated Temperatures||25-36||D412|
|Flammability Test||15-21|| |
|Oil Resistance Test||35-42||D471|
|Penetration Test||46-51|| |
|Strain Relief Test||68-73|| |
|Test Conditions||7|| |
|Volume Resistivity< class="content"td>52-57< class="content"td>D257|
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Section 5.
1.5 For fire test caveats, see Section 15.
15.1 This is a fire-test-response standard. The test procedure described measures the resistance of the tubing to ignition or the spread of flame after ignition when tested under the specified conditions.
15.2 This standard is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions, but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of the materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions.
15.3 Fire testing is inherently hazardous. Adequate safeguards for personnel and property shall be employed in conducting these tests.
25.1 The effect of elevated temperature is indicated by the changes in ultimate elongation and weight caused by exposure of the tubing to elevated temperatures for a specified time under controlled conditions of air circulation.
2. Referenced Documents
- D1000 Test Methods for Pressure-Sensitive Adhesive-Coated Tapes Used for Electrical and Electronic Applications
- D149 Test Method for Dielectric Breakdown Voltage and Dielectric Strength of Solid Electrical Insulating Materials at Commercial Power Frequencies
- D1711 Terminology Relating to Electrical Insulation
- D257 Test Methods for DC Resistance or Conductance of Insulating Materials
- D374 Test Methods for Thickness of Solid Electrical Insulation
- D412 Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers--Tension
- D471 Test Method for Rubber Property--Effect of Liquids
- D5032 Practice for Maintaining Constant Relative Humidity by Means of Aqueous Glycerin Solutions
- D746 Test Method for Brittleness Temperature of Plastics and Elastomers by Impact
- E104 Practice for Maintaining Constant Relative Humidity by Means of Aqueous Solutions
- E176 Terminology of Fire Standards
brittleness temperature; corrosion; dielectric breakdown voltage; dimensions; electrical insulation; flammability; oil resistance; penetration; poly(vinyl chloride); PVC; temperature tests; tension properties/tests; tubing; vinyl chloride polymer; volume resistivity; Breakdown voltage; Brittleness temperature; Corrosivity; Dielectric breakdown voltage; Electrical insulating materials; Electrical insulating plastics; Electrical resistance/resistivity--insulating materials; Elongation--electrical insulating materials; Flammability--electrical insulating materials; Fungal influence/resistance; Nonrigid plastics; Oil resistance--electrical insulating materials; Penetration resistance; Poly(vinyl chloride)(PVC) electrical insulation; Strain testing--electrical insulating materials; Tensile properties/testing--plastics; Thermal endurance--electrical insulating materials; Tubes (electrical insulating); Vinyl chloride polymers; ICS Number Code 29.035.20 (Plastic and rubber insulating materials)
( Download ASTM D876 From www.ASTM.org )